Stomach aches are probably the most often complained about conditions in children.
There are several causes linked to it, which is quite a challenge for the parents or the doctor to uncover the real problem.
In certain cases, the pain demands prompt attention and can even be a case of emergency.
The causes are usually linked to food, infections, poisoning, insect bites, etc.
Bacteria and viruses are the cause in the event of an abdominal pain resulting from infections.
Examples of infections that will cause stomach aches include gastroenteritis and stomach flu. In gastroenteritis, the cells lining the stomach and intestines are inflamed.
Added caution should be taken by travelers because the food and drinks are sometimes contaminated at certain places and can result in travelers getting diarrhea.
Stomach pain resulting from viral infections stop immediately, but bacterial infections require the intake of antibiotics. In either case, a few children can recover rapidly by vomiting and excreting. In the event of diarrhea, extra intake of fluids is advised to avoid dehydration.
Food linked stomach aches can happen due to food poisoning, gas production, excess food intake and food allergies.
Conditions resulting from food poisoning are temporary and can cause bloating. Symptoms of food poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and nausea. Generally these symptoms appear within two days of intake of
Chills, fever, bloody stools, or injury to the nervous system can follow depending on the severity of the poisoning. An outbreak occurs in the event of a group of people ingesting contaminated food. Over a couple hundred conditions are known to be transmitted by food. Food can be poisoned due to toxic or infective agents.
Infective agents include bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Toxic agents include poisonous mushrooms, exotic foods, and uncook food. Food gets contaminated due to improper handling by unhygienic workers at local eateries. You should consider the cleanliness when eating at new places.
Some foods will cause the irritation, like diary products that cause lactose intolerance. Should this be the issue, the child is allergic to certain food or drink and ingesting even a little amount induces vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, cramping, and skin rash.
These kind of allergic reactions are know as hypersensitivity reactions. At certain times the symptoms can be very severe and are known as anaphylactic shock or anaphylaxis.
Overdose of medicines can also cause poisoning. Insect bites like a black widow spider bite may also result in pain in the abdomen accompanied with muscle cramps, weakness, nausea, tremor, vomiting. In extreme cases, dizziness, faintness, respiratory problems, and chest pain may occur. Additionally, the heart rate and blood pressure increases.
In extremely rare cases, abdominal pain is caused by appendicitis. This is a consequence of a blocked and inflamed appendix.
Children have a greater rate of complications and ought to be rushed to the hospital immediately. The pain begins slowly in the abdomen, primarily near the navel. The pain gradually shifts to the right side of the lower abdomen within a period of over a day.