One common childhood disease in children, chicken pox is very reputable for being contagious.
A child infected with chickenpox virus will develop a lot of itchy blisters which are filled with fluid. These blisters burst eventually, which lead to crusts formation.
Children get roughly five hundred such blisters which develop over a red skin area. They appear on the face first and then multiply to the trunk, scalp and the rest of the body.
After twenty four hours of appearance, the fluid packed blisters become cloudy and later on, scabby.
The itchiness triggered due to chicken pox is really intense and irritating. And the crust, if not taken care of, can leave scars for life.
Within forty eight hours of getting infected, the symptoms begin to appear. It is only after ten to twenty days after infection, that the pox appears.
Symptoms consist of fever, abdominal pain, headache, loss of appetite and finally the pox rash. The condition can be verified by testing the pox blisters and by even taking blood test.
The medical history of the child can be helpful in determining the severity of the condition.
The virus responsible for infecting a person with chicken pox is varicella-zoster or simply, varicella.
The virus spreads by way of airborne transmission, droplet transmission and direct contact. Not just the infected transport these viruses and ought to be avoided, also people or children who have taken the vaccination recently should also be avoided.
After the invention of chicken pox vaccine, there has been a decrease in the chicken pox cases. Children who are under the age of ten needs to be well prepared as they are more vulnerable to getting infected by this virus.
Yet on the other hand, when older children or adults get chicken pox, they turn out to be sicker when compared to young kids.
A child or an individual who has been infected by chicken pox virus becomes host to the virus for his entire life. But the amount is kept in check by the body’s immune system.
Babies, occasionally, get partial immunity from the blood of their mother, if the mother has already been infected by chicken pox. Children of mothers, who haven’t been infected by chicken pox, tend to get severe chickenpox.
Children who have been administered with chicken pox vaccination get mild chicken pox. Condition of the skin of children with skin problems like eczema or sunburn can become worse. These kids can be developing above one thousand and five hundred poxes. Children who have used steroids may also cope with a bad situation.
Along with the application of the prescribed lotion and intake of oral medicine containing antihistamine, the itchiness can be eased by showering the child in lukewarm water and oatmeal.
The antiviral medications need to be started within the first day itself. Other individuals staying in the same household as of the patient should also take antiviral medicines suggested by a doctor.
It is a must for everyone to take chicken pox vaccination as a part of immunization routine schedule. There can be a hundred percent chance of not developing moderate to severe chickenpox and nearly ninety percent chance of not developing mild chicken pox.
Chicken pox vaccine is the sole vaccine which doesn’t demand a booster. But a higher dose may be given to adolescents in order to avoid shingles or herpes zoster.
But a physician needs to be consulted before opting for the higher dose.