Medical Services – Medical Diseases & Conditions

Angioplasty

If you experience symptoms of a heart attack or chest pain, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention, as these could be signs of a blocked artery that may require Angioplasty.

Cardiovascular Stent Placement

Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)

Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) is conducted to open clogged or obstructed coronary arteries due to Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) to re-establish arterial blood flow to the heart muscle without open-heart surgery.

The catheter has a small balloon at its tip. The balloon is filled with air as soon as the catheter is positioned into the narrow area of the coronary artery. Once the balloon has inflated, it compresses the fatty tissue in the artery and creates a bigger opening inside the artery for enhanced blood flow. Please refer to the figure above.

Overview

During this procedure, a physician guides an expandable mesh stent into a narrowed or blocked artery in the heart. The stent will be expanded to widen the artery and hold it open, improving blood circulation to the heart’s tissue.

Deploying the Stent

Once the blockage has been identified, the physician carefully guides a balloon-tipped catheter (which carries a collapsed stent) into the blocked artery. When the catheter is in position, the physician inflates the balloon. This expands the stent and presses it firmly against the walls of the artery. The stent widens the artery, holding it open to restore healthy blood flow.

Stent with balloon angioplasty

End of the Procedure

When the cardiologist is sure that blood is flowing normally through the artery, the guide wire and catheters are removed. The patient is taken to a cardiac nursing nit, where the sheath is removed and the patient monitored. If there are no complications, the patient may be discharged the next day.

Benefits of Angioplasty

  • Restores blood flow to the heart or other parts of the body.
  • Relieves symptoms such as chest pain (angina) or leg pain (claudication) caused by blocked arteries.
  • Reduces the risk of heart attack, stroke, or limb amputation in patients with severe artery blockages.

Recovery and Aftercare

  • Most patients can return to normal activities within a few days to a week after angioplasty.
  • Follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider are important to monitor your progress and ensure optimal recovery.
  • Lifestyle changes, such as adopting a heart-healthy diet, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking, can help prevent future artery blockages.

Risks and Complications

While angioplasty is generally safe, there are some risks, including:

  • Bleeding or bruising at the catheter insertion site.
  • Blood vessel damage.
  • Allergic reaction to the contrast dye used during the procedure.
  • Restenosis (re-narrowing) of the treated artery.

Angioplasty is a safe and effective procedure for opening blocked or narrowed arteries. It can help relieve symptoms and improve quality of life for patients with artery disease. If you have symptoms of blocked arteries, such as chest pain or leg pain, consult with a healthcare provider to determine if angioplasty is right for you.

If you have any questions, or would like to schedule an appointment, please email or contact us now.

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