What is LASIK?
LASIK, which stands for Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis, is an eye surgery that uses laser energy to reshape the curvature of the cornea to change the manner in which light rays enter the eye.
The cornea is the eye’s outermost layer. It is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. See figure below.
The cornea functions as the eye’s outermost lens. It controls and focuses the entry of light into the eye. It adds between 65 – 75% of the eye’s overall focusing power.
When light hits the cornea, it bends (refracts) the incoming light onto the lens. The lens then refocuses that light onto the retina, a group of special light-sensing cells at the back of the eye that initiates the translations of light into vision. See figure below.
For one to see clearly, light rays have to be focused by the cornea and lens to land precisely on the retina. See figure below.
To understand how LASIK works, you first have to know a little about refractive errors.
In refractive errors, the shape of the eye does not allow light from focusing on the retina. The length of the eyeball (longer or shorter), changes in the cornea’s shape, or aging of the lens leads to refractive errors.
Having normal vision simply indicates that your eye is shaped in such a way that it allows incoming light to focus precisely or directly on your retina, providing you with a clear image. See letter A, the figure below. This condition in which the eye does not need correction is called emmetropia.
If your eye is shaped too short or your cornea is too flat, incoming light will focus behind the retina causing near objects to appear blurry. This condition is called hyperopia or farsightedness. See letter B, the figure below.
If your eye is shaped too long or your cornea is too steep, incoming light will focus in front of the retina causing distant objects to appear blurry. This condition is called myopia or nearsightedness. See letter C, the figure below.
If you have an irregularly shaped cornea or lens, both far and near objects appear to be blurry and distorted. This condition is called astigmatism.
When the lens of your eyes age and become less elastic, focusing on near objects becomes difficult. This condition is called presbyopia.
LASIK Procedure Steps
Before the procedure starts, your doctor will apply numbing eye drops to prevent any discomfort throughout the procedure. Your doctor may as well give you some medication to help you relax.
Your doctor will use an instrument called a lid speculum to keep your eyelids open while your eye is positioned under the laser.
The next step is to create a corneal flap using laser, see figure below.
The doctor then lifts the flap back and apply the laser to gently reshape the cornea. See figure below.
The figure below shows the reshaped cornea.
The doctor then returns the corneal flap to its original position where it self-seals and acts as a natural bandage.
The figure below shows a comparison of the corneal shape before and after surgery.
PRICE AND PACKAGES
Lasik (1 side)
Lasik MK 2000 (both sides)
Lasik SBK (both sides)
Photo Refractive Keractomy, PRK (1 side)
Photo Refractive Keractomy, PRK (both sides)
Lasik MK 2000 (both sides)